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Hydrochemical characteristics of mine waters from ...

The study included 80 mine water samples from 59 abandoned mining sites. Their cation composition was dominated by Ca2+, while the most common anions were found to be SO4 2− and HCO3 −. Strong correlations were established between the pH level and metal (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu) concentrations in the mine waters.

Alan Guisewite's Mineral Collection Images: Miscellaneous ...

A cute little cluster of sturmanites (a hydrated calcium iron aluminum manganese sulfate tetrahydroxoborate hydroxide) from the N'Chwaning II Mine, Kuruman, Northern Cape, Republic of South Africa. Sturmanite was named in 1983 - all the specimens I have date from that mine's 1983 - 85 heyday.

Aluminium sulfate - Wikipedia

Aluminium sulfate is a salt with the formula Al 2 (SO 4) 3.It is soluble in water and is mainly used as a coagulating agent (promoting particle collision by neutralizing charge) in the purification of drinking water and wastewater treatment plants, and also in paper manufacturing.. The anhydrous form occurs naturally as a rare mineral millosevichite, found for example in volcanic environments ...

Search Active mines and plants - USGS

Search Active mines and plants. Search here for records in the Active Mines and Plants database. If you know the name of the site, you can enter it, otherwise just leave that blank. Select a state, commodity, or both from the pull-down lists if you wish. The search is …

Role of Thiobacillus and sulfate-reducing bacteria in iron ...

B. (19961 The geomicrobiology of the oxic zone of lakes. FEMS Microbial. Ecol. 73. 193-202. two base metal mine tailings impoundments: the Kidd Creek [14] Herlihy. A.T. and Mills, A.L. (1985) Sulfate reduction in mine and the Kam Kotia mine sites. MSc.

Metal Mine Rock and Waste Characterization Tools: An …

hydrated iron-sulfates and other minerals, and/or 3) contact host rock minerals, which react to neutralize some or all of the acid. Acidic flow which is not neutralized within the mine waste will exit as acid rock drainage (ARD). Hydrated iron-sulfate and trace-metal sulfate minera ls …

Sulfate and metal removal in bioreactors treating acid ...

Sulfate and metal removal in bioreactors treating acid mine drainage dominated with iron and aluminum Water Res . 2009 Mar;43(4):961-70. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2008.11.029.

(PDF) Recovery of Iron and Aluminum from Acid Mine ...

The recommended pH for iron precipitation was pH 3.5-4.0 with precipitate purity > 93.4% and iron recovery > 98.6%. AMD water after iron removal was used as source water for aluminum recovery ...

Sulfate Minerals in Iron Mountain | USGS California Water ...

The underground workings within the Richmond mine at Iron Mountain are host to a spectacular array of sulfate minerals, which form from the evaporation of metal-rich, highly acidic mine water. These minerals are known as efflorescent, or flowering salts. Most of the sulfate minerals within the Richmond mine are iron-bearing.

aluminium sulphate ferric manufacturing handbook - BINQ Mining

Iron(III) sulfate (or ferric sulfate), is the chemical compound with the formula Fe 2 … a mixed iron-aluminium sulfate of chemical formula (Fe 3+, Al 3+) 2 …

Aluminum sulfate | Al2S3O12 - PubChem

Anhydrous aluminum sulfate is a white crystalline solid. Aluminum sulfate is also obtained as an 18- hydrate Al2 (SO4)3.18H2O. Both forms are soluble in water, noncombustible, and nontoxic. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Immediate steps …

Sulfate in Drinking-water - World Health Organization

They are also used in the mining, wood pulp, metal and plating industries, in sewage treatment and in leather processing (Greenwood & Earnshaw, 1984). Aluminium sulfate (alum) is used as a sedimentation agent in the treatment of drinking-water. Copper sulfate has been used for the control of algae in raw and public water supplies

Comparison of the effiency of aluminium and ferric ...

The removal of natural organic matter by coagulation in the drinking water treatment train was studied for a period of two years. In the middle of the study, the coagulation/flotation process was modified by replacing the aluminium sulphate by ferric sulphate. At the same time, the filtration unit w …

What is Coagulation for Water Treatment? | WWD

Aluminum Sulfate. Aluminum sulfate is available in several forms, including ground, kibbled or block. When added to naturally alkaline water (which typically contains calcium bicarbonate), aluminum sulfate produces an aluminum hydroxide floc. Ferric Sulfate. Ferric sulfate is a type of iron coagulant that is second-best to aluminum sulfate.

Flow Chart Of Manufacturing Process Of Aluminium Sulfate

Aluminium sulphate manufacturing process iron ore mining aluminium sulphate manufacturing process,aluminium sulphate plant, aluminium sulphate is a metallic salt formed for commercial purposes by the action of 98 et price. Read More; Ammonium Sulphate Gypsum Process Diagram.

Sulfate and metal removal in bioreactors treading acid ...

McCauley's team was able to remove >60 % of the sulfate content and over 98 % of both iron and aluminum, using down-flow systems (McCauley et al. 2009). These authors also showed that the …

Sulfide Mining and Human Health - Save the …

Sulfide mining differs significantly from iron ore (taconite or ferrous) mining because it has the potential to generate acidic pH. Copper and nickel typically are bound to sulfur in rock. Because of this sulfur bond, they are described as sulfide minerals.3 The chief iron-bearing minerals in iron mining are iron oxides and iron

Products – Sage Chemicals

Aluminium Sulphate Granular Iron free. Calcium Hypochlorite Granular. Calcium Hypochlorite Granular. White Hydrated Lime. White Hydrated Lime. Brown Hydrated Lime. Brown Hydrated Lime. Industrial and mining chemicals. Calcium Chloride. Calcium Chloride. Caustic Soda flakes. Caustic Soda flakes. Caustic Soda pearls. Caustic Soda pearls.

USGS - NAWQA - Water Quality in the Kanawha-New River ...

Even so, stream sites downstream from mines more commonly exceeded drinking-water guidelines for sulfate, iron, manganese, and aluminum concentrations than streams in unmined basins (fig. 12). Aquatic Benthic Invertebrate Communities are Impaired in Mined Basins

A REVIEW OF SULFATE REMOVAL OPTIONS FOR MINE WATERS

At sulfate concentrations less than 2000 mg/L the limestone/lime process is an effective low-cost or pre-treatment removal option for sulfate. As with any mine water treatment option site-specific conditions will control the most suitable option for a particular mining operation. Bowell, R. J. (2004): A review of sulphate removal options for mine

Sulphate in Mining Wastewater – A Question of Mass - …

Sulphate is a common by-product found in mine impacted water that is increasingly on the regulatory radar as a contaminant of concern. Unlike metal contaminants such as copper that are often present in mining wastewater at low levels from 0.1 to 10 mg/L, sulphate concentrations tend to be much higher and can range upwards of 1,000 to 2,000 mg/L.

Sulfide Mining Fact Sheet - MEPartnership

Sulfide mining is different from traditional iron ore mines and taconite mining (sometimes ... Impact of Mining on Sulfate Levels in Minnesota ... sulfate discharges, copper, nickel, manganese, iron, aluminum, and arsenic, as well as solvents and processing wastes.xvii Two discharges in particular are detrimental to the

DECOMPOSITION OF METAL SULFATES - A SO2 -SOURCE FOR ...

For the decomposition of iron sulfate it is common practice to use fluidized bed reactors. Following table shows the Process of a typical iron sulfate decomposition plant: o Number of salt feed points 2 o Bed cross section area 20 m² o Bed height 1.4 m o Temperature 800 - 900°C o Number of oil feed points 15 - …

Sulfate and metal removal in bioreactors treating acid ...

Bioreactors represent an emerging technology for removing metals and sulfate commonly found in acid mine drainage (AMD). Six continuously fed anaerobic bioreactors employing organic and alkaline waste materials were operated to investigate relationships between metal and sulfate removal from AMD. Median AMD influent chemistry was 65.8mg/L Fe (49.7-113mg/L), 46.5mg/L Al (33.5-72.4mg/L) and ...

Enhanced methods for nickel recovery from low-grade ores ...

From here, there is further leaching to remove iron and copper, and finally precipitation of nickel by addition of ammonia, ammonium sulfate, and hydrogen. An excellent example the use of PAL on low-grade lateritic nickel ores is the Ambatovy mine in Madagascar, a joint venture between Sherritt, Sumitomo, and Korea Resources.

Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria as an Effective Tool for ...

Striking features of mining industries are the incidents of poor waste management. Dam failures, seepages, tailings spills, unrehabilitated sites and instances of direct disposal into waterways can result in serious and long-term environmental consequences (Franks et al., 2011).The large quantity of waste streams generated destroys the landscape, disrupt ecosystems including flora and fauna.

Why Is Aluminum Sulfate Used in Water Treatment?

Aluminum sulfate serves as a coagulant and flocculating agent in water treatment, making the water easier to clean. It is mainly used in municipal water treatment plants to treat wastewater and potable water. Aluminum sulfate is also important for lake treatment and restoration. Untreated wastewater and potable water have negatively charged ...

Sulfate and metal removal in bioreactors treating acid ...

Bioreactors represent an emerging technology for removing metals and sulfate commonly found in acid mine drainage (AMD). Six continuously fed anaerobic bioreactors employing organic and alkaline waste materials were operated to investigate relationships between metal and sulfate removal from AMD. Median AMD influent chemistry was 65.8 mg/L Fe (49.7-113 mg/L), 46.5 mg/L Al (33.5-72.4 mg/L) and ...

Systematic study on sulfate removal from mining waters by ...

Synthetic mining waters were treated by electrocoagulation in a 1L batch reactor using iron and aluminium electrodes. The influence of EC operating parameters on sulfate removal was investigated. A summary of the main results obtained during the EC-tests with iron and aluminium electrodes are given in Table 2, Table 3, respectively.

Constructed Wetlands for Treating Acid Mine Drainage

for this reaction, for both coal and metal mining situations, is pyrite (Wildeman . et al. 1991). Mining activities expose this mineral to weathering air, water, and microbial processes. The exposure causes the contaminated waters to have increased acidity, and elevated concentrations of heavy metals, sulfate, and other total dissolved solids.

(PDF) Field assessment of metal and sulfate fluxes during ...

Metal except to Cell 14 which is located upstream of the and sulfate fluxes were calculated using water balance other cells. Within 2 years after flooding, the iron and data and measured concentrations of metals and sul- zinc concentrations in the water cover of Cell 14 fate at different times during flooding of the test cell. stabilized below ...

IRON SULFIDE OXIDATION AND THE CHEMISTRY OF ACID ...

ABSTRACT / Acid mine drainage, produced from the oxida- tion of iron sulfides, often contains elevated levels of dis- solved aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and sulfate (SO,) and low pH. Understanding the interactions of these elements asso- ciated with acid mine drainage is necessary for proper solid waste management planning.

Secondary Sulfate Minerals from Pyrite Oxidation in ...

Thallium (Tl) is a highly toxic trace metal posing a significant threat to human health. Tl pollution in soils and chronic Tl poisoning related to Tl-rich sulfides weathering in the Lanmuchang mine of southwest Guizhou province, China, have been intensively studied in recent years. And yet, there are few studies on the role of secondary sulfate minerals associated with Tl mobility in this area ...